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Electrolytes are electrically-charged particles, and in the body they are all of the minerals necessary for the proper functioning of the body, for example sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, etc., which are in all of the body fluids, tissues, and cells.

Electrolytes are important because they are what your cells (especially nerve, heart, muscle cells) use to maintain electrical charges across their cell membranes and to carry electrical impulses (nerve impulses, muscle contractions, etc.) across themselves and to other cells. Cell membranes surround the cells, enclosing the cell’s contents.

Your Body Contains 8 Major Electrolytes

  1. sodium (one of 2 minerals in salt)
  2. chloride (one of 2 minerals in salt)
  3. potassium
  4. calcium
  5. magnesium
  6. bicarbonate of soda also called baking soda, which is produced by the body itself in many areas
  7. phosphate (phosphorus)
  8. sulfate (also sulphur or sulfur)

Body fluids, such as blood, plasma (yellow-colored liquid in the blood), and interstitial fluid (fluid between cells) are like seawater – see The Importance of Good Ocean Sea Salt in the Diet – and they contain high concentrations of sodium chloride (the combination is salt) along with many other important minerals.

There are Two Categories of Minerals

The two categories of minerals are the macrominerals and the trace minerals.

Trace minerals are minerals required in very small amounts by the body, which means very tiny amounts.

Macro means large, so macrominerals are those your body requires in larger amounts, i.e. 100 mg (milligrams) or more

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